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Category: 我自己看
Posted by: pingying
Process for Choosing a Pope Once Took More Than Two Years

VITERBO, Italy, April 18, 2005 — In the 13th century, most popes preferred to live in the medieval village of Viterbo, located in central Italy.

At the time, the town was far removed from the pressures and the plague that made Rome inhospitable.

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Category: 我自己看
Posted by: pingying
Thursday, April 7, 2005 Posted: 6:39 PM EDT (2239 GMT)

VATICAN CITY (AP) -- The following is the Vatican information service's English translation of the official Italian translation of the text of Pope John Paul II's last will and testament, which was originally written in Polish, dated March 6, 1979, with successive additions:

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Category: 我自己看
Posted by: pingying
2005/04/08 民生報 中央社羅馬七日法新電

羅馬天主教教宗千百年來一直兼任羅馬教區主教,但是羅馬人不見得喜愛他們的教宗,若望保祿二世的辭世,使羅馬與梵蒂岡兩千年來的愛恨交織關係再度浮出檯面。

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Category: 我自己看
Posted by: pingying
The Western Schism or Papal Schism was a split within the Catholic Church in 1378. Lacking any real theological or doctrinal underpinnings, being rather driven by politics, it was resolved after 40 years by the Council of Constance. It is occasionally called the Great Schism, though this term is more often applied to the East-West Schism of 1054.

The schism in the Western church resulted from the untimely return of the Papacy from Avignon to Rome by Pope Gregory XI in 1378, ending the Avignon Papacy.

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Category: 我自己看
Posted by: pingying
(CNN) -- The next pope will be chosen in a well-defined traditional process that has been developed over centuries but one that the late Pope John Paul II also put his own stamp on.

The pope can be elected by one of three methods but the most common method, however, is election by ballot.

When the pope dies, the dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals notifies the cardinals and calls a meeting -- always held in the morning -- that must begin no more than 20 days after the pope's death. However, the cardinals already in Rome must wait 15 days for those who are absent to travel to the Vatican.

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